Truffles (pronounced 'tray fah) are a type of mushroom that resembles the black truffles that are native to Southern Europe. They are often considered an art form, especially with regards to France where they are often used in the making of trifle de noirs, which are similar to cheeses. While their appearance can be compared to that of black truffle, there are actually several different species and varieties of mushrooms that are known to produce the black type of mushroom.
Truffles are actually a fruit-bearing underground ascomycetous fungus, primarily one of three species of the family Tuberomycetae. Other genera of mushrooms are also classified as truffles such as Geopora, Pefotyphosa, Choeromyces, Leukomycota, and several others. This group of fungi grows under the surface of the soil, which makes them a rather unique fungus to study because it is not common for a mushroom to grow in its natural environment. However, the underground fungi that are commonly known as truffles have been found growing under different kinds of rocks and soil.
Black truffles (Tuberomyces sapphire, T. carinatus, and T. machines) and truffles produced by some other genera are called black truffle salt. These truffles have a brownish color that is often dark brown on the outside. Some of these types of truffles are larger than others, sometimes reaching up to ten centimeters in length. The truffle salts that have been used in cooking are very large, ranging from a quarter to half a pound. Truffles also come in other shapes including spheres, cylinders, discs, balls, cylindrical shapes, and even flat sheets.
The black truffles that are commonly eaten have a flavor that is sweet and pungent and are said to be reminiscent of anise. While some of these mushrooms are believed to be toxic, others are considered to be edible. While it is not always safe to eat these types of truffles, it is said that they are a healthy addition to a diet for those who enjoy eating a variety of foods. Although these types of mushrooms do make for a good snack, they are not always as tasty as other varieties.
Black truffles can be used in many recipes with many variations, although it has traditionally been added to food for a wide range of reasons. Most often, this form of truffle salt is added to cheeses, soups, and other dishes that require a salty taste to add to a dish that otherwise may be lacking in that specific element. Some people also use truffle salt in the making of jams and jellies.
Traditionally, truffles were used to make a very popular wine called the Triceratops, although they have now also been used in making cheesecakes and pastries. The Triceratops wine is often made with a mixture of black truffles and the grapes and aged in oak barrels to create the wine's characteristic taste and color. In some parts of France, a wine called the Triceratops Pinot Noir is made from a mixture of truffles and Chardonnay grapes.
In addition to being a popular treat, truffles have also been used as medicine. In the Middle Ages, these fungi were used in European cuisine for hundreds of years and have been proven to be beneficial in alleviating a number of ailments. While some people believe that eating them could actually be harmful, there are others who believe that they are a beneficial addition to a healthy diet.
Enjoy the delicious truffle salt while choosing from the various shapes and varieties that are available. Whether you are looking for a salty treat or a savory one, there is sure to be a selection that will suit your taste buds.